India's Central Bank - the RBI - was established on 1 April 1935 and was nationalized on 1 January 1949.
The Preamble prescribes the objective as:
" to regulate the issue of Bank Notes and keeping of reserves with a view to securing monetary stability in India and generally to operate the currency and credit system of the country to its advantage."
Functions of RBI
- Formulates, implements and monitors the monetary policy.
- Objective: maintaining price stability and ensuring adequate flow of credit to productive sectors.
- Prescribes broad parameters of banking operations within which
the countrys banking and financial system functions.
Objective: maintain public confidence in the system, protect depositors interest and provide cost-effective banking services to the public.
- Manages the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999.
- Objective: to facilitate external trade and payment and promote orderly development and maintenance of foreign exchange market in India.
- Issues and exchanges or destroys currency and coins not fit for circulation.
- Objective: to give the public adequate quantity of supplies of currency notes and coins and in good quality.
- Performs a wide range of promotional functions to support national objectives.
- Banker to the Government: performs merchant banking function for the central and the state governments; also acts as their banker.
- Banker to banks: maintains banking accounts of all scheduled banks.
Visit Indian Website at:Reserve Bank of India